So many resins! Here is some info to help learn which options may be more suited to a project.

Updated: Sep 19

For people who are unsure about the differences between our various resins, here is a condensed list of the features of each resin. A handy & hopefully helpful guide showing the differences & similarities to help you know which resin might be most suited for your project.

All epoxy resins are fantastic, but it’s important to find the right features for you & your projects. Some have a lower/higher heat resistance, some don't cure as hard, some are more susceptible to scratches, etc. Also when price comparing, it's not always apples to apples, as you are not only paying for the specific amount of resin ordered, but the quality of the chemicals and the properties each type offers.

Epoxy resins are all often developed for certain types of applications and some can cross over in to other areas, just keep in mind they will perform best for the applications they are designed for. If you decide to use a resin in an application it is not developed for, you may end up disappointed in your results.

Also note, different features in resins will add to epoxy resin costs. For example, when looking at high heat needs (countertops, coasters, trays, etc), they are higher priced (due to higher priced chemicals used to achieve that feature). Many UV additives also increase costs of epoxy resins, so if you are always colouring your resin, all the more expensive UV additives may not be required, and a less expensive resin can be used on those projects. If you are using clear resin or a lot of white in your projects, you will want a resin with good UV preventative additives, and they do reflect in the overall costs. Regardless of marketing claims, please note all resins do eventually yellow, but some will last many decades with barely any yellowing, and some will yellow very quickly (environmental factors plus preparation can also play a role). Resins that cure crystal clear with low to no bubbles also have expensive additives that are not used in the less expensive resins. Some resins cure harder then others as well. While all epoxy resins do cure to a solid, they have different hardness ratings (look for their Shore D hardness rating). Wall art, and many mould casting projects (floral preservation, many decorative mould projects) often do not require the higher hardness rating resins (sometimes referred to as softer cure resins). However wine caddies, cell phone holders, bookmarks, etc., will require a harder curing resin, so they don't go pliable and bendy in use or warmer temperatures.

Top-Coating Resins are often referred to as art resins, or countertop resins or finishing epoxy resins. These can usually only be poured 1/8"-1/4" thick per layer. The softer cure resins are okay to be used on artwork, but you'll want a harder curing resin for counters, tables, trays, coasters, charcuterie boards, tumblers, etc. A harder cure resin can also be used on artwork. These are usually a 1:1 ratio, and are often a medium to high viscosity, but some of the softer curing ones are low-medium viscosity. Thicker (medium to high) viscosity resins are great for doming. Top-coating resins have various cure times averaging from 8 - 24 hours depending on brand and volume used.

NOTE: For Resin Art - If you are creating resin art using coloured resin, and wanting to achieve certain designs on wall art, such as lacing (like you see in ocean waves), cells or designs that hold their shape a bit, you should use a thicker (medium to high) viscosity top-coating resin. Thinner (low) viscosity resins tend to be so fluid, that their movement often causes artists lacing, cells or designs to flow and loose their shape they worked at achieving. Also, when making wall art such as the geode inspired pieces, a thicker viscosity resin will often be more suited to pouring the various sections you may desire. If you want a super fluid flowy look and not needing any design shapes to hold, then a thin (low) viscosity resin can be used for wall art.

Most Casting Resins are best suited for items you would make in moulds, and/or turn on a lathe, and sand down. Casting resins work best if poured a minimum of 1/4" up to roughly 2" deep (per layer), check each brands recommendation for depth, as they are not all the same. However note, this is also often dependent on numerous other factors (type of mould, mass, inclusions, etc.). There are a variety of viscosities in casting resins, typically low to medium. There are softer and harder cure options in casting resins, plus different mix ratio options (1:1 and 2:1). Casting resins have various cure times averaging from 24-48 hours depending on brand and project (volume, environment, mass etc).

Small objects like jewelry and baubles often work best with a craft type casting resin such as Liquid Diamonds (which can be cast in very shallow moulds 1/8" up to 2-3" per layer, depending on mould type & mass). Some people like to use a UV resin (which is not an epoxy resin, but), a one part resin cured with UV light for some jewelry applications. Sometimes artists choose to use their top-coating resins on shallow moulds (under 1/4"). Top-Coating resins tend to be medium to thicker viscosity, and can have potential to bubble more, so not always ideal for clear castings. If someone uses a resin in deeper layers than recommended, the resin will go in to pre-mature exotherm (some refer to as flash cure).

Deep Pour/Depth Casting Resins can often be poured from 1" up to 3 to 4" per layer, and is more commonly used in river table type applications or deep moulds. Each brand is different, but note that the shallower the resin is poured, the longer it will take to cure. If pouring under the deep pour recommendations, you should look into a non deep pour epoxy resin for that layer. These deeper pour casting resins are usually very low viscosity, and not as hard curing. They often come in 2:1, 3:1 even 4:1 ratios (our iCoat Depth is a 2:1 ratio). Deep pour resins have various cure times averaging from 48 to 72 hours depending on project (environment, volume, mass, etc.).

***ArtWorks Resin is a top-coating resin, developed for artwork & various coatings. It can be used for wall art, tumblers, cheeseboards, trays, coasters, table/counter tops & more.

***Liquid Diamonds Casting resin was developed for the crafting industry. Great for things like jewelry, casting in moulds, pen turning, knife making, dice making, etc.

***PuDuo Epoxy Resin can be used for casting in most moulds, tumblers, coasters & more.

*** iCoat CT Counter Top (high viscosity) and

iCoat CT Medium Viscosity Epoxy Resin, are the same product, but with different viscosities. Both are top-coating resins that can be used for art, counters, trays, tables, coasters, wall art, tumblers, cheeseboards & more. These are our hardest curing epoxy resins. You can use either product for any top-coating needs, however for countertops and tables, it is recommended to use the regular countertop version (which is higher viscosity). The medium viscosity was created as an option for people who like to use the epoxy in projects requiring more manipulation and needing a thinner product to work with and better bubble release (then the higher viscosity version). The Medium Viscosity is ideal for wall art, small moulds such as jewellry, thin coasters, tumblers, a finish top coat and more.

*** iCoat CE2100 HV Casting Resin, developed as a 1:1 ratio casting resin to be used in moulds from 1/4" up to approximately 1" layers per session (dependent on various factors). This is a medium viscosity, softer curing casting resin often used in floral casting, river tables, and a variety of casting projects.

*** iCoat TP21 Casting Resin, is a 2:1 ratio casting resin to be used in moulds from 1/4" up to approximately 2" layers per session (dependent on various factors). This is a low viscosity, harder curing casting resin. Great for floral casting, and any casting projects requiring a more bubble free hard cure.

*** iCoat Depth Deep Pour Casting Resin, is a 2:1 ratio deep pour resin developed for use in river tables, deep pour charcuterie boards, and moulds, minimum 1" up to max of 4" depth, per layer, mass, volume & temperature dependant

All resins start with similar basic chemical makeup, then each brand adds different chemicals to give them their unique features for their usage (which also gives their pros & cons depending on your needs & preferences).

The resin names were shortened below to initials on this post as follows: ArtWorks Epoxy Resin = AW

Liquid Diamonds Casting Resin = LD

PuDuo Epoxy Resin = PD

iCoat CT Counter top Regular (High Viscosity) = CT

iCoat CT Counter top Medium Viscosity= CT/MV

iCoat CE4100 HV Casting Epoxy = HV

iCoat TP21 Casting Epoxy (Hard Cast) = TP

iCoat Depth Casting Epoxy (Deep Pours) = DP

iCoat Fast Set Epoxy = FS

*UV Protection

AW has added UV protection and added HALS for extra UV resistance,

LD has added UV protection